The West View

The West View

By Dan Potts

The American Kestrel, often referred to as the sparrow hawk, rarely hunts sparrows, which are larger than its usual prey of grasshoppers in the summer and mice in the winter.

American Kestrels also eat lizards, frogs, toads, and even small birds – almost anything small that moves!

As with most birds, the males are most distinctive with a reddish-brown back and tail contrasting with their bluish-gray wings. Females have essentially the same overall color, just more drab, with a less pronounced black and white tail band. Although females are larger than the males, both are still only about 11 inches long and are both very distinctive with their pointed wings typical of all falcons.

Both males and females have two black, vertical face stripes on a white face, typical of many falcon species. (The only other small falcon in our area is the Merlin which has only a single, faint face stripe. It mostly resides in mountainous habitats.)

Unlike other hawks an American Kestrel can fly in-place, almost like a hummingbird, over what it thinks is its prey before diving down to grab it with its sharp talons. Because virtually no other birds of that size can do this “hovering” thing, one can instantly identify this little hawk.

Seriously, what is cuter than this tiny, colorful falcon hovering in place over a field while hunting, or bobbing its distinctive tail while perching on a telephone wire?

Obviously, like most other hawks, eagles and falcons, these small birds of prey can see any motion very well, even while flying along pretty quickly.

Once they spot a field mouse (aka meadow vole) they stop in mid-air by flapping more rapidly until they decide to dive down on their unsuspecting victim, to carry it off to eat or feed to its young.

Kestrels traditionally nest in hollow trees. Their nesting sites can be found pretty easily by listening for their call, a very audible killy, killy, killy. Here in Utah that usually means big Fremont cottonwoods that have been hollowed out by northern flickers – common woodpeckers with the reddish underwings. A pair of Kestrels find such an old hollow, clean it out and rear a clutch of young.

Kestrels are typically the hawk most novice falconers choose because they are common, easily caught or taken from nests, and fun to train.

That was indeed my first experience with them.

Today I just love to watch them hover over grassy areas and to hear their familiar call.

By Nigel Swaby

For many Americans, tax season is a mandatory reminder to review their financial position. Some people use this time to reflect on their savings, investments and financial success from the previous year. Others see it as a chance to plan where their tax refund goes; towards savings, debts or to splurge on a luxury item.

A January CNN article stated 60 percent of Americans couldn’t come up with $500 for an emergency. Other sources state a strong majority of Americans don’t even have $1,000 in their savings accounts.

This lack of savings affects people in several negative ways. For aspiring home owners, lack of a down payment is the single biggest obstacle to ownership. Other people find surprise expenses result in having to borrow from friends or relatives, adding to their credit card debt or resorting to high cost borrowing from payday lenders or pawn shops. A surprise bill can magnify itself several times over if one has to borrow to pay for it.

Martha Wunderli of AAA Fair Credit Foundation, a national non-profit organization that provides financial coaching, offered some tips on how to save money. She explained the best way to save money is to make it automatic. Whether you have your employer direct a portion of your paycheck to a savings account or have your bank do it, the results are the same. Adjusting your mindset to “pay yourself first” is critical to building savings.

Another part of financial health is maintaining a positive credit profile. At first glance, it seems borrowing money is a negative for financial health. However, credit scoring isn’t just about borrowing any more. Credit scores are used to establish auto insurance rates, apartment rental approvals and even to get hired for a job or security clearances.

Positive credit can be established through student loans, auto loans, mortgage loans, credit cards and personal loans from financial institutions. Many lenders will extend credit for people with no established credit for small credit lines which can grow over time with positive repayment history. Some may require a deposit, known as a secured credit line, which will be refunded after a certain amount of on-time payments.

Negative credit is easier to establish, which isn’t a good thing. If you don’t pay a bill from a doctor, utility or cell phone, the provider can sell it to a collection agency and not only ding your credit but harass you by phone or mail until you do pay. They may even take you to court, get a judgment and garnish your wages or bank account. Unpaid child support or court fines can end up on your credit as well. Paid collections can remain on your credit report for seven years. Unpaid rent, broken leases and evictions can be just as damaging to your credit. Tax judgments from the state or IRS can report on your credit for 10 years.

This is where the picture of financial health and credit health starts to come together. If you’ve got savings, you’ll likely avoid the negative effects of a utility or cell phone going to collections. That will prevent your credit score from going down but how do you get it to go up?

Two key factors make up 65 percent of your credit score; paying your bills on time and not maxing out your credit cards. The remaining portion is made up of things like how long you’ve had credit, how many accounts you have and how many times you’ve applied for credit.

Assuming you’re paying your regular bills on time, how do you establish positive credit? Sam Milner, a local mortgage loan officer, says a mix of credit account types is preferred and “three to five accounts yield the best score.”

Installment loans are credit accounts requiring the same monthly payment for a fixed amount of time. These include car loans, mortgage loans, student loans and certain personal loans and business loans.

Revolving loan accounts are typically thought of as credit cards and include store cards, gas cards and home equity lines. Their monthly payments change depending on the unpaid balance. For a good score it is important to keep revolving account balances below 30 percent of the credit limit. The highest credit scores are generated when balances are 10 percent or lower.

Nigel Swaby is a Fairpark resident and real estate agent with Aubrey and Associates Realty.

May 18, 2017

Spider Bitten

by Dan Potts

Most people dislike spiders. Maybe they just look too spooky with their multiple eyes, hairy legs and big jaws. Fact is, almost all spiders are valuable to us because they kill and eat many of the pests that plague us.

There are more than 100 different species of spiders here in Utah, but fortunately, there are only two common spiders that pose a real threat to us here in Salt Lake City – the famous black widow and the lesser known hobo spider. Knowing more about these creepy critters is good, as merely fearing them does little to protect us.

Female black widow spiders with their recognizable round, shiny black body and red hourglass on the belly, are blind and only live in their very strong, somewhat irregular webs found mostly in dark, secluded places. They are non-aggressive and only bite in self-defense. Therefore, few people are bitten by them.

Hobos, on the other hand, build weak, funnel-shaped webs, have excellent vision, are aggressive, stand taller than other ground spiders, and can run very fast. While widows rarely find their way into our homes, hobos do. Male hobos leave their webs to roam far and wide in search of females in late summer and fall, and can enter our homes through the smallest cracks. Both species are primarily active at night, and roaming hobos are often fall into our sinks or bathtubs, where they are discovered in the morning.

Considered one of the most venomous spiders in the world, black widow bites can be very serious, especially to young children, the elderly or infirm. Hobo bites, on the other hand, are not usually serious. In their wandering, male hobos sometimes crawl into our beds at night where they can bite out of defense when we toss and turn in our sleep.

Because most hobo bites are not felt as we sleep, they go undetected, but can be identified as a red area with two pin holes about one quarter inch apart. While bites are usually not life threatening, they can result in swelling, nausea, infections from scratching, etc. My wife and I have woken up to find we have been bitten numerous times, and we have also been bitten by hobos hiding in our clothing. We hate them!

Measures to help prevent hobo bites include: plugging up access holes into the house, searching for and eliminating funnel-web spiders anywhere around the house, not leaving clothing and other “hiding places” on the floor, shaking out or examining shoes and clothing left overnight on the floor, and not allowing bedding to touch walls and/or floor in the summer and fall.

I certainly oppose the use of poisons around the house. However, hobos, as well as cockroaches and even pesky mice can be caught on “sticky traps” available at your local home and garden store. However, be very careful to read the instructions, as they can be dangerous around children and pets. Merely touching these highly “sticky” sheets of cardboard can result in a trip to the emergency room or veterinarian – far worse than a hobo bite!

To find more information on the hobo and black widow spiders and other common arachnids in Utah, visit


by William Cogsgrove, MD

We all worry about toxic exposures in our environment. Will air pollutants damage our lungs? Will radon in our homes increase our cancer risks? Is there lead in the water our children drink?

Well, the most common toxic exposure affects two out of three of us, and increases our risks of seven out of ten of the leading causes of death in the United States. This exposure can affect our immune system, hormonal system, our brain development and even the manner in which our DNA is transcribed.

The toxic exposure that I am describing is often labeled “toxic stress” from Adverse Childhood Experiences or ACEs. Data collected over the past two decades shows the damaging outcomes of stressful experiences that occur during childhood. The original study of 17,500 middle class adults in San Diego in 1997 correlated physical, emotional, and sexual abuse or neglect of a child, or living in a family strained by mental illness, addiction, violence, parental separation or parental incarceration, with resulting lifelong damage for the child involved. These studies have also demonstrated a dose-response relationship – the more stressors that the child endures, the greater risk of later troubles.

These stressful experiences are unfortunately very common. 67% had one ACE, 40% had two, and 12.6% had four or more of these childhood toxic experiences. Those adults who had four or more ACEs, had more than double the risks of COPD or hepatitis as adults, and four times the risk of depression. They also had a 12-fold increased risk of attempted suicide, a 7-fold risk of alcoholism, and double the risk of cancer.

While it is hard to believe that traumatic occurrences in childhood lead to lifelong maladies, these correlations have been replicated in multiple studies across our country and across the world. Just how does it work? How do emotional scars in childhood result in such long-lasting troubles?

First, we need to realize just how vulnerable the child is during the early years. The brain doubles in size, and billions of neurons and trillions of synapses are being formed in the first three years. The toxic effects of stress hormones (adrenalin and cortisol) can damage that emerging brain. The chronic exposure to stress hormones (from constant fear or simply neglect) can lead to chronic changes in the child’s immune responsiveness, and hormonal balance. Stress even results in epi-genetic changes, in which individual genes of our DNA are switched on or off, up-regulated or down-regulated.

The results of these childhood experiences can be devastating to that individual’s life, and increase the likelihood of most of society’s ills, from teen pregnancy, drug addiction, PTSD, to chronic health problems. They have both an individual and a community-wide cost.

So what can be done? Is this hopeless? Do we have to just wait to see if we or our loved ones will have to suffer these awful consequences from something that happened to us years ago? No.

There is hope. The effects can be mitigated and lessened with trauma-informed therapy, in which a specially trained therapist helps us to unravel and disconnect our repeated reliving of the stress, fear, and shame that lingers from our past experiences. A trauma-informed community can lessen the consequences by shedding some light on why an adult with a history of such trauma seems to continually make bad choices. Having family and friends see that addictions may be an attempt to fulfill an unmet childhood need can bring some understanding and healing.

Probably the most important result of these 20 years of research is our understanding of just how critically important it is for every child to be nurtured in a safe, loving, and responsive relationship with at least one caring, stable adult.

William E. Cosgrove, MD is a pediatrician and past-president of the Utah Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics, serves on the Salt Lake County Board of Health, the Utah Medicaid Medical Care Advisory Committee, and is a member of the Trauma-Resiliency Collaborative.

by Michael Evans / Photos by Michael Evans

Sugar Space thrived as a performing arts studio in Sugar House for four years before owner Brittany Reese bought the present site in Poplar Grove in 2013. She ran both locations for a short time, but Sugar Space is a solid west side business now with their sole location at 132 S. 800 W.

Recently, Reese took time out of her busy schedule for a West View interview: “[Sugar Space] started out with a focus on dance, since I was a dancer, but it is more of a community space now, “ said Reese.

They relocated from Sugarhouse to the west side because they were looking for a building to purchase rather than rent...”because when you have a venue, you put a lot of money into it – flooring, mirrors, lighting, all those things, and a lot of those things don’t come with you when you leave,” said Reese.

Another reason they moved to the west side was because it was close to downtown, and close to the airport, which is convenient when they bring in touring artists.

“[The property] came with three buildings. It looked like a little artist complex, so I really liked it, and we’ve been happy here, she said.” We’ve had help from River District Business Alliance, NeighborWorks Salt Lake, and Youth Works.”

At first, Reese experienced occasional difficulties during the business loan process from people who saw the new neighborhood as “other,” and hearing baffling questions about whether customers would be willing to go to the west side.

“It is more perception than reality,” she said. “Since we’ve been here four and a half years, I think it has changed. People come over here and they are fine – they like it a lot. We haven’t had any issues – my car got broken into in Sugarhouse. I haven’t had anything broken into over here.”

Sugar Space currently has about twenty “anchor tenants” that rent on a weekly basis – Aikido, Tap, Flamenco, and Modern Dance. Other tenants rent from them as often as four times a year. They have had an increase in one-time renters, such as weddings, quinceañeras, celebration of life memorials, baby showers, since they moved into the west side neighborhood and local families have become aware of their facilities. Some of their more unique events included a Medieval festival and a Rubik’s Cube competition.

Sugar Space serves as a type of incubator space for people who are practicing their own trade and who are looking for a place to host a class or retreat. About a year ago, Reese created a non-profit arm called “Sugar Space Foundation” to support creation of artist’s works.

“Personally, I think any artform is good for your soul, whether it be visual art, dance, theater improv, or comedy – practicing those things, dealing with emotions, interacting with people.. art is therapeutic,” said Reese.


By Charlotte Fife-Jepperson / Photos by Charlotte Fife-Jepperson

The Sorenson Multicultural Center has been a valuable recreational amenity in the Glendale neighborhood since 1996. That amenity was enhanced when the Sorenson Unity Center opened its doors to the public in 2008, offering arts, cultural, computer and afterschool/summer programs.

The Sorenson Multicultural Center houses Steiner West Pool, Louie’s Boxing Gym, two large gymnasiums and classrooms.

The Sorenson Unity Center to the west of the SMCC houses a fitness center, technology center, black-box theater and a low-income dental clinic.

All facilities on the Sorenson Center campus are owned by Salt Lake City, but since 2010, the Sorenson Multicultural Center and the Fitness Center in the newer Unity Center building are operated by Salt Lake County. Keeping these two centers (and the parties responsible for managing them) straight can be a confusing feat for anyone. Adding to the confusion is the transition of directors at the Sorenson Unity Center. For a period of time in 2016, no one knew exactly who the director was. On top of that, two longtime managing employees of the computer center were let go by the city.

So, when the city didn’t immediately renew their contractual agreement with the county at the end of 2016, employees and local residents were very worried about the future of the center. Rumors ensued, and lack of communication from city officials only made it worse. Some of the rumors were that the city was going to take over operations of all the facilities, that the fitness center was going to be turned into a daycare for city employees, and that the center might even turn into a homeless shelter.

The SMCC Advisory Board (comprised of local residents, Lynn Green, John Smith, Marisa Egbert, Wilson Sporl, and Katherine Fife) became concerned and began meeting with Salt Lake City representatives to get accurate information to address rumors and pass on to residents.

The Advisory Board organized a public input meeting that was held at the SMCC on April 6. About 50 people were in attendance.

At the meeting, the Advisory Board announced that the city and the county intended to enter into a long-term contractual agreement regarding the operations of the SMCC. City and county staff listened to attendees, who had multiple ways to give their input and express their opinions about the future of the center. People stood up and spoke in a microphone and their comments were written down on large sheets of paper, written comments were given, and people voted on their favorite programs by placing stickers on posters.

Many residents expressed their appreciation for the center’s programming, especially boxing, aquatics, fitness, dance, arts and education offerings. They also had plenty of praise for the staff, but felt that maintenance of the buildings could improve. Others asked for new programming.

Jay Ingelby, who is a long-time advocate for the Glendale neighborhood, said, “We need counseling for people in the neighborhood, especially seniors. Sunday Anderson Senior Center, Riversbend Senior Center and the Sorenson Center could work together to do outreach to find out the needs of our neighbors,” he said.

Mateo Holt said, “The boxing gym gives kids a place to come afterschool to get away from the drugs that are taking get away from bad things happening at home.”

An emotional Marie Skipps got up and asked, “If the center isn’t here, where do we go? Our parks are not safe for kids...” She went on to scold the city about the poor condition of some of the amenities at the center. “We have rusted lockers, sub-par gym the city folks: Fix the buildings! What repairs need to be done? This is your house!”

All of the public comments – both written and spoken – were delivered to Corey Rushton, the city representative over Special Projects for Public Services. Advisory Board Chair Lynn Green felt that the meeting went very well. However he encourages community members to remain involved. “Go to community council meetings and stay abreast of what’s happening with the center,” he said.

Advisory Board Treasurer, Katherine Fife, echoed Green’s sentiments. “I really feel that the outcome could have been different if community members hadn’t spoken up when they did at community council meetings and elsewhere,” she said. “But, we are really encouraged by the coordinated efforts we’ve seen so far between both the city and the county.”

According to Rushton, four different work groups with both city and county staff are currently meeting weekly to lay the groundwork for drafting a new, long-term contractual agreement for the center. They are working on issues dealing with facilities, finance, programming, and communications.

Contract legwork and negotiations should be finalized sometime in July. Then it will be presented to both the city and county councils for approval. As a buffer, a temporary contractual agreement is in place through the end of 2017.

Rushton confirmed that new gym floors will be installed in August through September with $483,000 appropriated by the city.

There is still time to express your concerns and opinions about the Sorenson campus through suggestion boxes in both buildings or by completing an online survey at (in English) or (en español). Survey closes May 28.

By Elias Flores, Heidi Steed, and Alexander Barton

Many people who ride public transit in Salt Lake City still pay with cash even though there is a cheaper and possibly more convenient method of payment available. FAREPAY, an electronic fare card sponsored by UTA (Utah Transit Authority), could save riders up to 40 percent off local bus fares and 20 percent off TRAX and FrontRunner tickets.

The UTA FAREPAY card is available at most grocery stores and even some convenience stores throughout Salt Lake City and can usually be spotted near the checkout stands amongst the gift cards. A three dollar activation fee is required at the time of purchase and a customer can load up to $500 on the card. This is a convenient option for riders who know exactly how much fare they anticipate they’ll need each month. The funds are on the card don’t expire, and once they are used up a customer can add more money using the website at or they can reload at the grocery store checkout stand.

So why don’t more people use FAREPAY? Surveyed riders often weren’t aware of the service. While UTA has a small FAREPAY advertising campaign, with small banners at some bus stops and on the sides of buses, it seems that information about the promotion is slowly making its way to interested riders.

Anyone can use FAREPAY, but the discounted bus, TRAX and Frontrunner fares can be particularly useful to individuals who use the bus daily because it is more cost effective for their lifestyle. UTA plans to evaluate and continue the FAREPAY promotion throughout 2017. Frequent riders and new UTA users should use this opportunity to try the electronic fare card. They may find the discounts a useful encouragement to take transit instead of driving, and frequent users might find that the savings really add up.

This article was submitted by students from the University of Utah's Department of City and Metropolitan Planning 6430 class titled "Planning Communication."

by Dan Potts

The muskrat is a very common medium-sized, semi-aquatic rodent found in western marshes, ponds, lakes, canals, and rivers like our own Jordan.

Although similar in appearance to younger American beaver the most significant differences are their size and tails. Beaver can grow up to 40 pounds and have large flattened, “paddle-like” tails. Muskrat are much smaller and have a skinnier tail that undulates from side to side, propelling them as they swim.

Using their webbed hind feet, both species are excellent swimmers and can dive under water long enough to escape most predators. Both can build lodges to live in and rear their young, but can also dig burrows in the banks of ponds and streams, which is the most common practice of both on the Jordan River.

Both species are rodents and no longer have any natural predators to control their population numbers here on the Jordan River. Their primary predator for many years was man, who historically trapped them for their pelts. Their warm, durable and waterproof furs were very popular a century ago as for lining coats and hats, but those uses have essentially disappeared today, largely displaced by newer synthetic materials.

Muskrats are prolific breeders and can have two to three litters a year of five to eight offspring. They have an adaptable lifestyle and omnivorous diet, but mostly eat aquatic plants, such as cattails.

Muskrat are less wary than beaver and can be active all day long, making them a better “watchable” wildlife species. It is common to see muskrat in and along the Jordan River, and I love to watch their routine feeding, preening and swimming activities.


by Nigel Swaby

Restore NorthTemple OutlinedNational elections receive a lot of attention and money yet don’t impact the day-to-day lives of America’s citizens nearly as much as local policies and politics. After the contention and fatigue of a hard-fought election like the one we just went through, people tend to respond by either completely withdrawing or recommitting to their causes with new resolve.

If you’re committed to making the world a better place, there is a movement building on Salt Lake’s west side that’s rapidly picking up steam. Founded in August, Restore North Temple is a grassroots organization designed to make the neighborhoods west of downtown safer, cleaner, and more economically successful.

Two major problems face the North Temple corridor. First, many local businesses integral to the neighborhood were forced to close or move while the TRAX light rail line was built. Second, an increase in homeless people in downtown is overflowing into North Temple neighborhoods because of proximity and cheap motels. These motels enable crime, drug use and prostitution to take place.

Restore North Temple hopes to combat these negatives by bringing all the stakeholders of these neighborhoods together to reduce crime, beautify the area and encourage business development. The organization hopes to spread the message and strategies of Restore North Temple to surrounding neighborhoods but chose this particular area because of its strategic importance to Salt Lake City.

As a main corridor, North Temple serves as a gateway to downtown Salt Lake City. Whether visitors who have flown into town take TRAX or a rental car, the North Temple neighborhoods are the first thing they see representative of Salt Lake. Right now, it’s not a good first impression.

Area leaders are keenly aware of these issues. Locally elected city and state representatives James Rogers, Andrew Johnston and Sandra Hollins are all officially on board to support Restore North Temple. The the State Legislature’s renewed interest in the Fair Park through its $18 million dollar investment into a new stadium will bring more out-of-town visitors to the area and is another reason to support this area. Development of a Tracy Aviary nature center at the Fair Park and a hotel have recently been discussed.

Salt Lake City government previously allocated money to North Temple redevelopment but a recent decision by the City Council to recommit money to address the homeless issue has tied up funds for North Temple and created new public controversy regarding how the city responds to a growing homeless population.

While Jade Sarver, founder of the Restore North Temple initiative, is opposed to having another resource center on the west side, he explained how they can be low profile. He cited the Boys and Girls Club, YWCA and The Inn Between as examples of centers that provide services without disrupting their surroundings.

Sarver's short-term goals for Restore North Temple are to increase the number of Neighborhood Watch groups and improve the public's perception of the west side neighborhoods it wants to improve. Over 200 people attended a kickoff event last October with exhibits from local businesses, Salt Lake City Police and representatives from City Hall.

Besides participating in a neighborhood watch program, Sarver suggests residents attend their neighborhood’s community council meetings. To learn more about the Restore North Temple effort, and ways to stay informed and participate in local government, visit their website at

By Sonia Cordero

There are a lot of changes this year concerning income tax. While most taxpayers in the U.S. have a social security number to file their income taxes, some people will file their income taxes with an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, or ITIN.

In 1996 the IRS created the ITIN for individuals who are required to have a U.S. taxpayer identification number, but who are not eligible to obtain a Social Security number.

According to the Institute on Taxation & Economic Policy, a non-profit, non-partisan research organization, undocumented immigrants greatly contribute to our nation's economy, not just in labor but also with tax dollars. Their “Undocumented Immigrants’ State & Local Tax Contributions” report,, estimates about a third of undocumented immigrants in the U.S. are homeowners, subjecting them to property tax payments. Another 50 percent are believed to pay income taxes, and as much as 75 percent of the population is believed to pay into the U.S. Social Security system (a system of benefits they won't be eligible to receive unless they become U.S. citizens).

If you use an ITIN to file taxes, be aware that as of January 1, many ITINs have expired and will need to be renewed in order to continue filing income taxes. All ITINs not used on a federal tax return at least once in the last three years are no longer valid. In addition, all ITINs issued before 2013 will begin expiring this year, starting with those with middle digits of 78 and 79 (Example: XXX-78-XXXX).

Sonia Cordero is a public accountant with a Masters in Accounting and owner of SC Accounting & Tax Services, LLC in Glendale.

Info about the ITIN:

· It is a 9-digit number and begins with the number “9”

· The ITIN does not change immigration status or work authorization

· It cannot be used after obtaining SSN.

· Here is the IRS website with a list of certified acceptance agents in Utah:


Llegó la época de impuestos

Por Sonia Cordero

Hay muchos cambios este año en relación con los impuestos sobre la renta. La mayor parte de los contribuyentes en los Estados Unidos tienen un número de seguro social para presentar su declaración de impuestos, pero hay algunas personas que presentarán su declaración de impuestos utilizando lo que se conoce como el ITIN (Número de Indentificación Personal del Contribuyente por sus siglas en ingles.)

En 1996 el IRS (Departamento de Servicios de Impuestos Sobre la Renta por sus siglas en inglés.) creó el ITIN. El ITIN es un número asignado por el IRS para los contribuyentes que no se califican para obtener números de seguro social.

Independientemente de lo que suceda con el nuevo presidente y su gabinete, los datos de el “Institute on Taxation & Economic Policy” muestra que los inmigrantes indocumentados contribuyen en gran medida a la economía de los Estados Unidos, no sólo en el trabajo, sino también con los dólares de los impuestos. Un estudio realizado se estima que cerca de un tercio de los inmigrantes indocumentados son propietarios de casas, pagan impuestos por sus propiedades. Otro cincuenta porciento se cree que pagan impuestos al IRS, y un setenta y cinco de la población se cree que pagan al programa de seguro social de los Estados Unidos (un sistema de beneficios médicos a los cuales no se califican para recibir a menos que se conviertan en ciudadanos de este país).

Si usted prepara sus impuestos con el número ITIN, tenga en cuenta que a partir del 1ro de enero 2017, muchos ITIN han expirado y tendrán que renovarse para poder presentar su declaración de impuestos sobre la renta. Todos los ITIN no utilizados en una declaración de impuestos federales al menos una vez en los últimos tres años ya no son válidos. Además, todos los ITIN emitidos antes del 2013 comenzarán a expirar este año, empezando por aquellos con dígitos intermedios de 78 y 79 (Ejemplo: XXX-78-XXXX).

Sonia Cordero es contador público con una Maestría en Contaduría, y es la dueña de SC Accounting & Tax Services, LLC in Glendale.

Información sobre el ITIN:· Es un número de nueve dígitos y siempre comienzan con el numero “9”

· El ITIN no le da permiso migratori o permiso de trabajo

· No se puede utilizer después de obtener su seguro social

· Esta el la página de Internet del IRS donde aparece una lista de agentes en Utah:

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